Broccoli agriculture is a blessing to the rural economy in India. It can be cultivated in the spring there is a cold season crop. It is high in nutrients such as iron, calcium, and vitamins. The harvest has a protein content of 3.3 percent and a high content of vitamin A and C. In addition, it also contains riboflavin, niacin, and thiamine and a high concentration of carotenoids. It is used mainly for salads and can be eaten lightly steamed. It is sold mainly fresh, frozen, or as a salad.
Soil for Broccoli Agriculture
The broccoli requires humid soil to grow vigorously and properly. Broccoli agriculture requires well-drained soil with a high fertilizer content. A pH of 5.0-6.5 is ideal for broccoli culture. The soil can be suitable for broccoli agriculture when preparing it with high-quality equipment such as Massey 1035 and others.
Palam Samridhi: In 2015, the film Palam Samridhi was released. The plant has a semi-diffused growth habit and brings soft, large, and dark green leaves. It has a round and compact head that is green. The heads weigh an average of 300gm. The variety matures in 70-75 days after transplanting and producing 72qtl / acre on average.
Punjab Broccoli was launched for the first time in 1996. It has soft and wavy leaves that are dark green. The heads are small and attractive. The mature variety in approximately 65 days produces 70TL / acre on average. The type is suitable for salad and cooking purposes.
The right time to plant seeds is from mid-August to mid-September. The line spacing of 45 x 45 cm is recommended. The seeds are planted 1-1.5cm deep. The line sowing and the transmission are two methods for sowing. You can use agricultural machines such as Mahindra Arjun 605 and others for better production.
For a ground acre, plant 250 g of seeds. The seeds are treated with hot water (58c) for 30 minutes before planting to protect them from diseases transmitted by soil.
USA FYM @ 40TONNES. Apply Nitrogen @ 50kg / acre at urea @ 110kg / acre, phosphorus @ 25 kg / acre in the form of SSP @ 155 kg / acre, and potassium @ 25kg / acre in the form of MOP @ 40kg / acre In addition to FYM. Before transplanting, a complete dose of FYM, phosphorus, potassium and a half dose of nitrogen is added. After a month of transplant, the rest of the dose of nitrogen is added.
To test weed control, apply the flumioxazin (baseline) 1-2 liters / 600-700 liters of water before the transplant, followed by the hand of 30 to 40 days later. Next, apply pendimethalin at a rate of 1 liter per acre one day before the seedling transplantation.
Give him the first irrigation immediately after the transplant. After that, apply irrigation at intervals from 7 to 8 days in the summer and from 10 to 15 days in the winter, depending on the ground and climatic conditions.
Trips are small insects that are pale yellow to light brown insects and have symptoms such as distorted leaves and silver sheets. If aphids and jassids cause the greatest damage, we must apply an imidacloprid spray of 17.8 SL 60 ml per acre in the water of 150ltr.
Nematodes: Symptoms reduce the growth of plants and yellowing of the plant. If an infestation is discovered, forte @ 5kg or carbofuran must be transmitted at 10 kg per ground acre.
The larva of the Diamondback moth feeds on the upper and lower surfaces of the leaves, causing damage to the entire plant. If an infestation is detected, we should apply a spinosad spray of 25 percent SC 80ml / 150lttr of water per acre.
Sclerotinia sclerotiorum causes white mold. Symptoms are irregular, with gray lesions on leaves and stems. If you find an infestation in the field, we must apply a Metalaxil + Mancozeb @ 2GM / LTR spray every 10 days.
The damping is caused by the fungus Rhizoctonia Solani. Symptoms include seedlings that die immediately after germination and brown or black rot in the stem. Ridomil email@example.com/ltr should be applied to the roots, followed by irrigation. Do not let the water accumulate in the field.
The mold down and causes small angular lesions on the lower surface of the leaves that are oranges or yellow. If an infestation is detected, spray with metalaxyl 8 percent + mancozeb 64 percent WP @ 250GM / 150LTR.
Ring stains: Small purple spots appear on mature leaves, turning brown. If an infestation is detected, spray with metalaxyl 8 percent + mancozeb 64 percent WP @ 250GM / 150LTR.
The broccoli is harvested when the heads reach commercial size. We must market them as soon as possible after collection because they can not be stored for a prolonged period.
Production of seeds
Keep a separation distance of 1600 m from Cole Crops and other varieties of broccoli. Skip one row every five rows; This is necessary for field inspection. Remove the sick plant and the plant that has a variation in the characteristics of the leaves. When the pods are totally brown, it is time to harvest the crop. The harvest was completed at least twice. After harvest, leave the plant in the field for a week to cure and dry. A crop bar is required after drying suitable for seed purposes.